═└═╬Ď┼Ň═╬╦╬├╚╚, ╚══╬┬└Í╚╚, ┬═┼─đ┼═╚┼, ╚Ф╬╦▄ă╬┬└═╚┼, đ└ăđ└┴╬Ď╩╚, ÝÓŠÓ˛Ř šńň˝Ř

Nano-technologies discover new world in a variety of ways

Dedicated to Alexander I. Sleptsov, Candidate of Science (Physics and Mathematics), assistant professor, the former Department Chairman of the High Military Academy of Communication in Ulyanovsk and Maria D. Sleptsova, senior teacher of Mathematic Department, my favourite teachers and advisers, those who evoked my desire to great cognition of truth and implanted the love of exact sciences.

Owing to science-based reserves of military complex of USSR and enthusiasm of Russian scientists, new philosophic basis and processing platform for industrial applying of nano-technologies were created. At present, one can say with certainty that Russia takes leading position in development of nano-technologies. Today we are able to use the advantages and prospects of nano- and altitechnologies.

So, what can nano-technologies do? Nano-technologies cardinally change our view on visual environment.

First, it is an opportunity to transfer all commercial production industries to a conceptually new qualitative level, without huge by standard measures capital investment.

Second: to solve accumulated problems of ecologic recovery and as a consequence to create prerequisites for Nation Health Recovery.

Third: to create highly effective system of health service, working together with ôsmart machinesö, permitting to provide regeneration of systems, organs and tissues of human body, to solve problems of genetic diseases as well as biologic ageing.

Forth: use of ôsmart machinesö to renew the sources of mineral and hydrocarbon natural raw materials resources of the country, or more simply to organize the process of accelerated ôgrowingö of mineral resources in their natural final resting place. Recent generally known example of the oil growing proves this potential opportunity.

And the last: solution of state security issue on a basically new technic and technologic levels.

The peculiarity of nano-technology is that it is a process, in which the new technology or a product provides new opportunities and better solutions without replacement of previous technology or product and thus inspires old time-proved technologies with new life. For example, they can impart additional properties of pluripotential antibiotic to well-known ôaspirinö or provide larger amount of stable 120 element of Mendeleev's table at common uranium enrichment.

Many speak about nano-technologies as about scientific and technological revolution, but a few really know what it is.

The result of all previous scientific and technological revolutions was that people more and more proficiently copied mechanisms and materials created by Nature. The breakthrough in the sphere of nano-technologies is quite the other thing. For the first time human being will create a new matter that was unknown and inaccessible to Nature. In fact, science has come closer to modelling the principles of living matter creation, where unknown to contemporary science laws are functioning. The predominance in science the so-called ôthought inertnessö constantly reduces the notion of ônano-technologiesö to elementary mechanic approach: either to forming the ultrafine phase of substance or to attempts to combine incompatible by mere mechanic way i.e. to build a complex construction from single atoms, the existence of which in the form of separate mechanic models is hypothetic. At the same time, it is usually forgotten that there is a fundamental difference between the physical laws functioning in mechanic and quantum-mechanical systems. Though there are means to manipulate single atoms today, they can hardly be directly applied to assemble practically necessary circuit architecture. This is not only because of the crucial difference between physic laws of interaction among dimensions, but also because of the number of atoms to be ômountedö. The use of mechanics and nano-technologies laws without consideration of peculiarities of nuclear physics and quantum mechanics is a fairly dangerous thing. Primitive mechanic approach to nano-technologies usage, without considering their ability to nuclear transformation of a substance can have catastrophic consequences. History incontrovertibly testifies that almost all useful inventions and scientific and technological developments not only promote economic development, but also pose new and at times unpredictable hazards to mankind, especially related to various provocations due to inadequate estimation of possible consequences.

There is a very wise phrase in an American film about researches of Martian ants; we would take the liberty to quote it here, as it reflects the topic under consideration very well: ôContemporary science pursues the objectives at all times reserved to the Creator, but scientists understand too late that the pay for entrance to the Godĺs abode is destruction.ö From more than 20-year practical experience of working in the nano-technologic sphere it became clear why the children go to school ten years rather than one and why the lectures in ôtopology of spaceö are contraindicative to a pupil of the first form of secondary school.á In the process of working, we often had to ôunderstand that the pay for entrance to the Godĺs abode is destruction.ö Judging by publications, new Russian nano-technologists, who disregard natural laws due to their ambitions and ignorance, already begin to realize this thesis. Our group managed to cope with succession of barriers owing to availability of equipment and facilities of nano-medicine, by which we started our work in nano-technologies. However, let us be consecutive in our narration about nano-medicine capable to make ômiraclesö of regeneration of systems, organs and systems of human body, solution of genetic diseases problem as well as biologic ageing in the following publication about nano-technologies.

The creation of nano-technologic industry

The fact is that nano-technology has already brought such results, mere replicating of which can lead to a considerable improvement of, say, computing or military technologies. This is precisely why each country has its own national nano-technologic programme and is not eager to cooperate with other partners in this field. Judging by the content, none of these programmes presupposes wide interchange of accumulated knowledge with other countries.

The creation of nano-technologic industry is unconceivable without development and formation of the so-called ôindustrial and technologic terminalsö (nano-factories). The technologic process of producing pico- and femto- linear dimension elements itself is very dangerous for human health and the examples are widely known by the works of getting superconductivity at room temperature. By its manifestation one can detect free energy generation effect that is harmful for human beings (See The history of superconductivity creation). Technologic process of producing nano-computer systems is a number of very sophisticated operations of substance decomposition, free energy release with further assembly and organization of physical objects (clusters) on the basis of concrete system and circuit solutions. Taking into account the highest danger level of production process, scientists work actively at creation of fully automatic technologic line that provides the processes of substance annihilation and synthesis in architecture of ôindustrial and technologic terminalsö (nano-factories) under the complete elimination of human presence. In the technologic chain of physical systems productions based on complicated nuclear processes only a ôsmartö controlling cyber-organism can be involved. It is this purpose for which the ôliving machinesö direction was developed.

Considering peculiarities of nuclear physics, quantum mechanics and on the basis of empirical experience, one can say that principally new incipient industrial-scale production and universal scientific direction based on interdisciplinary knowledge, called ôNANO-TECHNOLOGIESö, requires special concern of state. Unfortunately, nano-technologies in Russia belong to private property as they were financed, developed and defended (as strategic reserve of Russia for future generations) by private individuals. Russia already has a huge arsenal of nano-technologic facilities able to tackle a wide range of tasks. These facilities are practically ready for wide-scale production and implementation, but the formation of nano-technologic market considerably lags behind the potential development of production process and scientific-and-technological advance. As E. Teller, a forerunner of nano-technologic era, ôfatherö of H-bomb, Nobel laureate said: ôThe first who will master nano-technologies, will grasp the whole technosphere of futureö. The only matter is if having mastered nano-technologies Russia will be able to provide rapid technologic breakthrough or other states will raise the flag of nano-technologies.

In conclusion we would remind that this brief survey does not pretend to be the full presentment of the topic ôNano-technologiesö and is meant for wide audience. The main purpose of the survey was to give general idea of nano-technologies and to show that Russia can really make a claim for leading place in the world in development of nano-technologic sector of industrial-scale production. All the facts considered in the survey have concrete practical confirmation.

A. Hesin, Doctor of Engineering Science, the academician of MAI

©Attosoft 2007-2008. All rights reserved. At use of materials the reference to a site is obligatory